A century later, Dutch and English settlers established plantation colonies along the many rivers in the fertile Guiana plains.The earliest documented colony in Guiana was an English settlement named Marshall's Creek along the Suriname River.In 1683, the Society of Suriname was founded by the city of Amsterdam, the Van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck family, and the Dutch West India Company.The society was chartered to manage and defend the colony.
The older English name is reflected in the English pronunciation, Indigenous settlement of Suriname dates back to 3,000 BC.
The English were able to keep New Amsterdam, the main city of the former colony of New Netherland in North America on the mid-Atlantic coast.
Already a cultural and economic hub in those days, they renamed it after the Duke of York: New York.
The people of Suriname are among the most diverse in the world, spanning a multitude of ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups.
This area was occupied by various cultures of indigenous peoples long before European contact, remnants of which can be found in petroglyph sites at Werehpai and other places in Suriname.