The severity of the difficulties is indicated by the fact that the first known labor strike in recorded history occurred during the 29th year of Ramesses III's reign, when the food rations for Egypt's favored and elite royal tomb-builders and artisans in the village of Deir el Medina could not be provisioned.One proposed cause is the Hekla 3 eruption of the Hekla volcano in Iceland but the dating of this remains disputed.
The Eighteenth Dynasty contained some of Egypt's most famous Pharaohs, including Ahmose I, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten and Tutankhamun.
The later part of this period, under the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties (1292–1069 BC), is also known as the Ramesside period.
It is named after the eleven Pharaohs that took the name Ramesses, after Ramesses I, the founder of the Nineteenth Dynasty.
This resulted in a peak in Egypt's power and wealth during the reign of Amenhotep III. 1479–1425 BC), Pharaoh, originally referring to the king's palace, became a form of address for the person who was king.
One of the best-known 18th Dynasty pharaohs is Amenhotep IV, who changed his name to Akhenaten in honor of the Aten , a representation of the Egyptian god, Ra.