(3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the "Chaucer canon" or the "Shakespeare canon." Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales, for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, "The Plowman's Tale," which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past.
Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays () that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio.
The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, "I will speak daggers to her." A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers.
Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations.
In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song.
Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another.
For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, "Pumped Up Kicks," which deals with a school shooting.