The task of historical discourse is to identify the sources which can most usefully contribute to the production of accurate accounts of past.
Therefore, the constitution of the historian's archive is a result of circumscribing a more general archive by invalidating the usage of certain texts and documents (by falsifying their claims to represent the "true past").
Archaeology is a discipline that is especially helpful in dealing with buried sites and objects, which, once unearthed, contribute to the study of history. It uses narrative sources to complement its discoveries.
However, archaeology is constituted by a range of methodologies and approaches which are independent from history; that is to say, archaeology does not "fill the gaps" within textual sources.
Ancient influences have helped spawn variant interpretations of the nature of history which have evolved over the centuries and continue to change today.
In the words of Benedetto Croce, "All history is contemporary history".
History is facilitated by the formation of a "true discourse of past" through the production of narrative and analysis of past events relating to the human race.
In all European languages, the substantive "history" is still used to mean both "what happened with men", and "the scholarly study of the happened", the latter sense sometimes distinguished with a capital letter, "History", or the word historiography.
Historians write in the context of their own time, and with due regard to the current dominant ideas of how to interpret the past, and sometimes write to provide lessons for their own society.