They are encouraged to detach and focus on themselves to help with their emotional distress and to increase their skills needed to cope (The Al-Anon Family Groups, 1981, Laundergan and Williams, 1993).
The markers that have had repeated studies implicating them are the A1 allele of the DRD2 gene and specific allele of the ALFH2 gene(Ketlenios,1998).
The focus of treatment for the recovering alcoholic is Alcoholics Anonymous, a long standing mutual-help organization whose purpose is to help the alcoholic sustain abstinence and in the process of working the 12 Steps, which are the core of the program, to experience personal and spiritual growth.
It is a fellowship, that is, a "mutual association of persons on equal and friendly terms; a mutual sharing, as of experience, activity or interest"(Lowinsin et al, 1992).
It is this author's contention that the approach for the female partner is as important in examination as that of the alcoholic himself.
As Carl Jung stated: Seldom or never does marriage develop into an individual relationship smoothly and without crisis.