The achievement of black majority rule has led to an emphasis on class relations, shades of skin color, and cultural prejudices, rather than on racial divisions.
Jamaica has never experienced entrenched ethnic conflict between blacks and Indians or Chinese.
East Indians and Chinese were recruited between the 1850s and the 1880s to fill the labor gap left by ex-slaves and to keep plantation wages low.
As soon as the Chinese finished their indentured contracts, they established small businesses.
This is followed by a light meal of bread, fried plantains, or fried dumplings and a hot drink early in the evening.
A more rigid work schedule has forced changes, and now the main meal is taken in the evening. Along with "ground provisions" such as sweet potato, yam, and green plantains, it is used in African and East Indian ceremonies.
Afro-Jamaicans eat a midafternoon lunch as the main meal of the day.This meal may consist of stewed or roasted beef, boiled yam or plantains, rice and peas, or rice with escoviched or fried fish. It also is served with curried goat meat as the main food at parties, dances, weddings, and funerals.Sacrificially slaughtered animals and birds are eaten in a ritual context.Settlement patterns were initiated by plantation activities.Lowland plantations, complemented by urban trade and administrative centers, ports, and domestic markets, were the hub of activity.