One of those things that has been negated is the idea that the Shroud is a painting. Also, the image is a photographic negative and is three-dimensional. Max Frei noticed that around the head and the abdomen, the imprints of flowers are visible although they are quite difficult to observe.
Whatever the image is, it certainly did not come from a painter’s brush. The pollen and the imprints match flowers found in the vicinity of Jerusalem including the pistacia lentiscua, the chrysanthemum coronarium, and the gundelia tourneforii (Whanger and Whanger, Duke.edu, 2015).
A person can still see the marks on the Shroud where it was damaged.
It is now widely accepted that the fibers tested in 1988 came from the nuns’ repair work.
All twenty-eight would have been available in Jerusalem markets in a fresh state” (Whanger and Whanger, Duke.edu, 2015).
The Council for Study of the Turin Shroud also made another important evaluation of the Shroud.
They noted that early depictions of Jesus match certain details of the facial image found on the Shroud. Catharine’s Monastery at Sinai is one of the oldest Byzantine religious icons which dates to the 6 century (i.e., 500-599 A. For more information on the Christ Pantocrator painting, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christ_Pantocrator_(Sinai).
When examining the cloth, researches have noted that the blood appeared before the image.
The Turin Shroud researchers have adopted the slogan “blood first, then image” to describe the Shroud.